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About Basilicata in Italy

Daily Weather: Basilicata
Population: 597,768
Area: 9,995 km˛
Provinces: Matera, Maratea, Potenza
Capital City: Potenza
Official web site: Basilicata
Wikipedia: Basilicata
Map: Basilicata


About Basilicata.

Basilicata is divided into 2 Provinces. It is a small region, mostly mountainous, situated in Southern Italy and with two short coastlines on the Ionian and the Thyrrenian Sea. The most important mountains are Volturino, 2005 m, and Sirino, 1835 m. Among the rivers are the Gravida, Bradano, Basento, Cavone, Agri, Sinni; the lakes are San Giuliano, Lake of Pietra del Petrusillo and Lake of Abate Atonia.

The region, due to massive emigration in the past, is underpopulated, the economy is mostly based on agriculture, though the Eastern and central areas are almost desert. Industrial development is low, though there are still some flourishing crafts sectors, such as ceramics, woodwork and textiles. A great promise and hope is tourism, mostly along the Thyrrenian coast.

Archeological findings show that the areas of the rivers were inhabited since Paleolithic times. In the 13th century BC the Lyki (probably at the origin of the name Lucani), coming from the Danube area, settled in the region and in the following century were greatly enriched culturally by the the Greeks, who colonized the region in the 8th century BC, who founded at the mouths of the largest rivers the cities of Metaponto, Heraclea, Posidonia.

The Lucani had a strong military state and fought against the inhabitants of Apulia for centuries. After being allied to the Romans, they sided with Hannibal in the Punic wars. Under the Empire the region was called Bruttium, then between 1932 and 1945 was renamed Lucania, to become finally "Basilicata" under the Republic. Italy World Club.


Matera of the "Sassi" is a city carved out of the rock, formed by one of the most suggestive city environments, now a UNESCO-listed World Heritage Site. Caves and underground architectures are connected by steps carved out of the cliffs and are enclosed by dry-stone walls bounding small vegetable gardens. In the area of Matera there is a great number of small churches, some of which are difficult to reach. They were dug right into the tuff or built into natural caves. Many of the cave churches are decorated with Byzantine decorations and frescoes. Some of these rock churches are of noteworthy interest (S. Maria della Valle, also called La vaglia, S. Maria delle Virtù, S. Maria de Armenis). In others remnants of frescos of the 12th - 16th centuries have been preserved (Crypt of the Original Sin, S. Lucia alle Malve, S. Nicola dei Greci, S. Giovanni in Monterrone, Madonna delle Tre Porte). One typically furnished sasso is at Sasso Caveoso; the grottoes like this one were inhabitated up to 1952. The superb cathedral, built with the white stone of the nearby Vaglia quarreys, and looming, with its radiance, over the entire city, eloquently expresses the simplicity and beauty of the Romanesque style. The striking churches of Santa Lucia, San Francesco di Assisi, Materdomini, del Purgatorio were built during the Renaissance and, later, during the Baroque period.

Maratea Is an ideal seaside town for your holiday; with its crystal clear water, unspoiled beaches and many caves and grottoes for diving. In the medieval town visit the 17th century convent of S.Francesco and get an unforgettable panorama if you take a stroll up to the hill where the huge statue of Christ, symbol of Maratea, is situated.

In Melfi visit the 11th-century castle and the Cathedral with its beautiful baroque facade.


The most important sight here, off the main Piazza Prefettura (also known as Piazza Pagano), is the church of San Francesco, which contains a Byzantine-style icon of the Madonna del Terremoto and an elaborate sixteenth-century tomb. Live in Rome and Italy


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