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About Lazio - Capital City of Italy Rome
   
     
   
     
 

Daily Weather: Lazio
Population: 5,205,139
Area: 17,208 km˛
Provinces: Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Rome, Viterbo
Capital City of Italy: Rome
Official web site: Lazio
Wikipedia: Lazio
Map: Lazio

 

 
 

About Lazio

Lazio is famous because it's the Italian region that has Rome. And this certainly makes it an important region at tourist level... but this is not all, in fact it's only a part. Actually Lazio is a region full of culture, history, nature, that gives the tourist what he wants, allowing him to live different experiences and to turn his own vacation in an unforgettable event.

Three very definite mountain ranges of volcanic origin exist here: the Volsini, the Cimini and the Sabatini Mountains, whose principal craters contain respectively, the lakes of Bolsena, Vico and Bracciano. These rises go down northeast towards the Tiber's downstream and southwest till the coastal strip called Latial Maremma, cut off near Civitavecchia by the mountains of Tolfa, of volcanic origin, too. The Latial Maremma meets the Roman Countryside, crossed by the Tiber. It's limited by the Alban Hills and the Prenestini Mountains, to which follow the calcareous rises of the Simbruini and the Ernici Mountains, of the Meta and Mainarde, that are part of the Abruzzi Apennines, and the rises, also calcareous, of the Lepini, the Ausoni and the Aurunci Mountains parted by the Apennines and by the wide downstream of the river Sacco (Ciociaria) and Liri. At the mountain's foot there are the Pontine Marshes, once a swampy area and now reclaimed, the Plain of Fondi and the coastal plain between Gaeta and the low course of the river Garigliano. If we go up the Tiber's downstream we come to the Sabine region. Between the Sabine Mountains and the Reatini ones opens out the wide plain of Rieti, to which follow the ones of Leonessa and of Amatrice in the inland and towards southeast the river Sacco's downstream. The coasts are mainly low and flat and have some headlands, formed by isolated rises that were islands once, or by the end of ridges or by the outlet of Tiber itself. The Pontine Islands are part of Lazio.

Its longest river, the Tiber, comes from Umbria. Several river streams flow in the Tiber: the Velino, the Salto and the Turano, through the Nera and the Aniene. Other minor rivers are the Sacco and the Liri but also the Fiora, the Marta and the Arrone that reach the ocean directly after a relatively short course. Other important lakes, besides the already mentioned lakes of Bolsena, Vico and Bracciano, are the ones of Albano and of Nemi, that are also contained by the craters of two extinct volcanoes in the Alban Hills.

Rome History

Capital city of the Italian Republic and bishop's see of the Pope. The city was born, according to the legend, the 21 of April 753 B.C. on the Palatine Hill (one of the seven hills) from which we had the following and gradual development, going through the republican period (509-31 B.C.), when Rome established itself as one of the Mediterranean's main and populated cities. In those centuries the city gained that grandness and that magnificence still visible nowadays. The most important works: the Tabularium of the Campidoglio, the Theatre of Marcellus, the Imperial Forums whose building was started by the emperor Augustus, the grand imperial Palace on the Palatine wanted by Nero, the Colosseum and the Arch of Titus. In the II and III century Rome reached its grandness' peak. In that period were built the Forums by Trajan, Caracalla's Baths and the Aurelian Walls, the Baths of Diocletian, the Arch of Constantine and the Basilica of Maxentius. The imperial court's transfer to Byzantium marked the beginning of its decline. The city, after the barbarian invasions, saw the birth of many churches that because of the prohibition of being built instead of the temples, determined the movement of the city's center from the Forums and the Palatine to the Lateran, Episcopal seat at Rome. After the city's sack by the Saracens in 846, Pope Leo IV made build Castel Sant'Angelo, being the birthplace of the so-called Leonine city and making himself the name of Rome's real lord. Turismo Lazio.

Lazio Guide

Lazio is the region around Rome. With endless attractions, a unique cultural heritage and the incomparable charm of the Eternal City, this region can be visited at any time of the year. Lazio is a region waiting to be discovered: with a variety of extraordinary landscapes and environments, long beaches and vast pine groves, mountains and lakes, hills and plains. A region waiting to reveal its rich historical, artistic and cultural heritage in the most irresistible means possible.

Art and Culture

Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire, the center of Christianity and capital of Italy. No further presentation necessary. Leaving the capital, every area of Lazio has its own distinguishing feature. To the north the province of Viterbo, called Tuscia, preserves the richest cultural and archaeological heritage in Italy. The region is scattered with Etruscan necropolises, medieval villages, castles and splendid Renaissance villas. Viterbo is the best preserved medieval city in Lazio, while the surrounding area is composed of picturesque countryside and wilderness. The Etruscan cities of Tarquinia, Cerveteri and Tuscania and their incredible necropolises are not to be missed. Among the villas, we recommend you visit Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola and the “Park of Monsters” in Bomarzo. East of Rome one finds unmissable Tivoli, the preferred thermal spring of the ancient Romans, where one finds the impressive ruins of Hadrian’s Villa and the Renaissance residence of Villa d’Este. The south-east of the capital extends over the fascinating region of Ciociaria: its wild landscape hosts beautiful medieval cities of pre-Roman origin, such as Anagni, Alatri and Ferentino famous for imposing walls, or one can take the charming religious itinerary among the ancient abbeys of Subiaco, Casamari, Montecassino and Fossanova. Another interesting tour around the mountains of Lazio will lead you to Rieti, a city full of medieval testimonies enclosed by its perfectly preserved great, long walls.

Nature and relaxation

Nature around Lazio provides a wealth of variety that extends over volcanic lakes, green hills rolling to the beaches, sharp Appenine Mountains and natural parks full of unspoilt beauty. The Castelli Romani are located a short distance from Rome. This area extends around the two volcanic lakes of Albano and Nemi, which is not only appreciated for its natural beauty, but also for its rich historical and cultural heritage. Lazio's coastline is interesting and varied, composed of long beaches and beautiful reefs. Ostia is Rome's most popular beach and is always crowded. We recommend you take the coastal road that goes from Ostia to Anzio, passing by sand dunes and fishing huts. The most fascinating area of coastline is located to the south, the location of Circeo National Park, which is covered by the greenery of oak forests, coastal lakes and sand dunes. The park faces the marvelous archipelago of the Pontine Islands, including the famous holiday resorts of Ponza and Ventotene. Other interesting locations are Terracina, Sperlonga and Gaeta, picturesque sea-facing villages which have become attractive sea resorts. The territory to the north of Rome is covered by woodland and includes three splendid volcanic lakes. Lake Bolsena and Lake Bracciano are bathing destinations with numerous water sports. Near Bolsena, the beautiful area of Civita di Bagnoreggio, known as “the dieing city”, is worth a visit. Lake Vico is located within a nature reserve: it is much appreciated for canoeing, hiking, cycling and horse riding tours and even bird watching. The National Park of Gran Sasso and Laga Mountains are located near Rieti. This area offers tourists walks in the wilderness and beautiful, primeval nature, with views of rare beauty and vast panorama. This park includes the highest summit of the Apennine Mountains (2915 meters). Thermal baths: the ancient Roman’s were very aware of the concept of well-being. Lazio's volcanic origin led to the formation of a wealth of thermal baths, with the most famous in Viterbo, Tivoli and Fiuggi, one of the most important hydrotherapeutic centers in Italy. Travelplan.it

Provinces

Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Rome, Viterbo

 

 
   
     
   
     
   
     
   
     
   
     
   
     
 
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